Urogynecology is an extensive topic and is professional in gynecology and the number of Research institutes working on the Urogynecology are approximately 30 or more and some universities also give training to women on Urogynecology , total number of universities which focus on this area are approximately 70 and also obtain a funding of around $10000- $30000 and includes 10% industry, 30% of academia and Others 60% .It is a surgical sub-specialty of urology and gynecology.
Urogynecology involves diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence and female pelvic floor disorders. Urogynecology is also a subspecialty of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery. Robotic-assisted surgery has evolved vastly over the past two decades with persistently improving technology, proving to assist surgeons in multiple subspecialty disciplines as discussed in many gynecologic conferences and gynecologic meetings worldwide.
3. Midwifery and Gynecology Nurse
A midwife is a professional in midwifery. Also known as obstetrics, midwifery is the health science and the health profession concerned with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period, besides sexual and reproductive health of women throughout their lives. The actual duties of the midwife are mainly to assist in the birthing process. It is said that the rates of obstetrical intervention in birth are rising worldwide. Although professional midwives attend most births in some of these countries, they are biomedically socialized and often overworked, and have been unable to stem the rising cesarean tide, which is largely obstetrician-driven. Though both midwives and obstetricians have worked hard to preserve normal vaginal delivery in these countries the Scandinavian and Japan are the exceptions. Here cesarean rates range from 12 to 17 percent. Gynecology and OB nurses also are referred to as OB/GYN nurses, and square measure specially trained to produce medical care for girls throughout gestation, labor and vaginal birth, yet as give medical care for girls with health issues of or involving their system. OB/GYN nursing could be a broad field, therefore nurses usually any concentrate on a particular space, like perinatal nursing or labor & delivery nursing at hospitals and biological process centers or in gynecology nursing in an exceedingly physicians workplace. OB/GYN nurses give care and support for girls from the instant they begin their playing period all the manner through climacteric. They educate girls on physical and sexual health, and discuss patients choices for contraception, yet as preventative measures like HPV vaccinations for the interference of cervical cancer and mammograms for the first detection of carcinoma. OB/GYN nurse practitioners usually serve below the authority of a medical man as medical care givers to girls, and may write prescriptions, order workplace tests and build diagnoses.
4. Advancements in Gynecology and Obstetrics
Gynecology referred as the science of women is a branch of medical science which deals with the female reproductive systems. Obstetrics is also a branch of medical science, basically deals with pregnant women i.e. stages before child birth, during and after child birth. Both gynecology and obstetrics is an education dedicated to the women’s healthcare during medication and surgery throughout their life. These need extensive study and understanding the physiology of reproduction, including the physiologic, social, cultural, environmental and genetic factors that determine disorders in women. This study and understanding of the reproductive physiology of women gives obstetricians and gynecologists a unique attitude in addressing gender-specific health care issues. Advances in women health include Increased genetic testing, The prevalence of obesity in teenage and adult women and the steep rise in the number of caesarean deliveries. Obstetricians and gynecologist shall realize and exhibit the appropriate knowledge, skills and attitudes to assess women by means of clinical history taking and physical examination as the examination of neck, chest, breast, abdominal, lower limb examination for both pregnant and non-pregnant women.
5. Sexual and Reproductive Health
Good sexual and reproductive health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system. It implies that individuals are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life, the capability to reproduce, and the freedom to decide if, when, and how often to do. One’s sexual and reproductive health, individuals want to access to accurate information and the safe, effective, affordable and acceptable contraception method of their choice. They will be informed and empowered to protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections. And when they decide to have children, women must have access to services that can help them have a fit pregnancy, safe delivery and healthy baby. Every individual has the right to make their own choices about their sexual and reproductive health. UNFPA, in conjunction with partners, works towards the universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights and also family planning.
6. Pediatric Gynecology
Pediatric gynecologists provide care to female reproductive system of children which are used to diagnose and treat conditions. It provides a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach that is sensitive to the psychological and emotional needs of our patients and their families. Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology mainly focuses on uterus, ovaries, vagina and vulva. It works closely with many kinds of healthcare providers to care for patients who have medical or developmental issues that can affect their reproductive health.
7. Chronic Pelvic Pain
Pelvic pain is found between the belly button and the hips and groin. If it lasts for 6 months or more it is called chronic pelvic pain Chronic pelvic pain typically accustomed describes the persistent pain felt in very woman’s fruitful organs. It’s a big and customary drawback which will influence any lady, in spite of age typically times, the etiology is unclear, and therefore the pain generally lasts for months. Researchers aren’t bound concerning the quantity of ladies within the united states un agency have chronic girdle pain, however some studies have reportable that up to 15% of ladies of childbearing age have experienced it.Worldwide, this ranges from 14–32%. In 32% of affected girls, the pain is therefore severe that they have to miss work.
8. Cosmetic Gynecology
Some individuals are under the impression cosmetic gynecology is just that – cosmetic. the actual fact of the matter is, however, there area unit some medical things that need this sort of cosmetic surgery. its terribly almost like general cosmetic surgery – generally it’s done simply for aesthetics, different times it’s done as a result of theres a medical need, as within the case of a burn victim.Some girls don’t just like the look of their intimate parts. once girls bear a procedure for this reason, it’s done to form them feel a lot of lovely and assured, particularly in sexual settings. A woman might opt to have a cosmetic gynecological procedure thanks to medical problems, like incontinence. Sometimes, when a girl has passed throughmaternity and delivery, her muscles and skin have been stretched in such the simplest way that produces bladdermanagement a tough task. Our cosmetic surgical procedures will facilitate cut back instances of incontinence.
9. Gynecological Disorders
Gynecological disorders have an effect on the inner and external organs within the feminine girdle and abdominal areas. These disorders embrace pain (pain related to menstruation), vulvodynia (unexplained chronic discomfort or pain of the vulva), and chronic girdle pain (a persistent and severe pain occurring primarily within the lower abdomen for a minimum of six months). Some issues will have an effect on the right functioning of the genital system and will have an effect on a woman’s ability to urge pregnant. One example, polycystic ovary syndrome, happens once immature follicles within theovaries type along to make an oversized cyst, preventing mature eggs from being discharged. Another fruitful disorder, endometriosis, happens once the kind of tissue that lines the female internal reproductive organ grows elsewhere, like on the ovaries or different abdominal organs. Female internal reproductive organ fibroids square measure non-cancerous tumors that grow within the uterine cavity, inside the wall of the female internal reproductive organ, or on the surface of the female internal reproductive organ.
Menopause is the biological process through which a woman halt to be fertile or menstruate. It is a normal part of life and is not referred a disease or a condition and last for 50 years in women. Different treatments for menopause-related disorders and symptoms include advice for lifestyle, hormone replacement therapy, herbal treatments, other complementary therapeutics and antidepressants.
11. Birth Control
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy. Different forms of birth control have different side effects and risk profiles. The choice of birth control method depends on many factors, such as the desire for reversible birth control (preserving future fertility) or permanent birth control methods (surgical sterilization). Some birth control methods, such as barrier methods, may offer some protection against sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), while most methods do not. Some birth control methods have higher success rates than others, but no method of birth control is 100% effective in every case.
12. Maternal Fetal Medicine
Maternal fetal medicine is a science of medicine that deals with maintenance of the health of the mother and fetus during and after child birth. The specialists in this field are those physicians who are experience in the work of obstetrics. Maternal and infant mortality rates due to barrier of pregnancy have decline by over 23% since 1990, from 377,000 deaths to 293,000 deaths. Most of the deaths occurred due to infection, maternal bleeding, and obstructed labour, and their incidence of mortality vary widely internationally.
13. Women’s Health & Emergency Maternal Care
Most maternal deaths result from excessive bleeding, infections, hypertensive disorders, obstructed labor, or complications from unsafe abortions. Sadly, these emergencies are often difficult to predict. Efforts to reduce these deaths have included strengthening access to prenatal care, improving women’s nutrition, trying to identify high-risk pregnancies early, and training traditional birth attendants.