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Nephrology is the study of the kidney and its functions and diseases related to functioning of the kidney, it also focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of Nephrological diseases. Nephrology also deals with the diagnosis and treatment of various kidney diseases, which specifically includes electrolyte disturbances and hypertension, and the care of those people who require a renal replacement therapy, which includes dialysis and renal transplant patients.

Urology is the subbranch of medicine that deals with the study of specific surgical and medical diseases of the female and male’s urinary tract system. As the urinary tract and the reproductive tract are very closely linked to each other, so the disease affecting one of them will affect the other as well.

There are various treatment option in Nephrology. Some of the treatment include, treatment through medications, treatment using blood products, treatment using some surgical methods, that specifically include, urological, vascular and surgical procedures, plasma exchange methods and renal replacement methods.

Clinical Nephrology is the sub specialty of medicine that deals with the study of the functioning of the normal kidney, problems in kidney functioning, treatment of the abnormality in kidney functioning, renal transplantation and as well as kidney transplant methods.

Geriatric Nephrology is the subspecialty of Internal medicine that deals with the kidney diseases. Geriatric specifically means healthcare of the old person. Patients who live long can acquire diseases that may lead to some chronic kidney illness, which further could remain undetected for long period of time and could lead to dialysis.

Human beings have two kidney and are composed of nephrons, which filter the blood. Most of the diseases related to kidney affects these nephrons, thus hampering their function, and can cause various problems. Kidney diseases may occur due to various problems including diabetes, high blood pressure.

Diet and nutrition both play an important role for proper living and making a kidney function properly. If the functioning of kidney will hamper due to some disease, it will also affect the nutrition intake of an individual.

Kidney and Bladder Stones is A branch of medicine which deals with the study of normal  kidney function, kidney problems & their treatment. Two types of kidney faiures.  Acute kidney failure: Disfunction of the kidneys to filter the waste from the blood. Acute tubular necrosis was death of the tubular epithelial of the renal tubules in the kidneys.

Diagnosis of Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorder works as that your bladder and kidneys and the tubes that connect them. When germs get into the body they can cause an infection. Most of the urinary tract infections (are bladder infections. If you do not take care of a bladder infection, it can spread to your kidneys. A kidney infection is serious and can cause permanent damage to the body.

Glomerular Diseases caused by contamination or a medication that is harmful to your kidneys. Kidneys have around one million tiny filter units called nephrons. Every nephron has a glomerulus, so that there are more than one million of them as well. More than one glomerulus is called glomeruli. Glomeruli help in removal of excess fluid, electrolytes and waste from your circulation system and pass them through the urine maintaining the stability of the body. 

Hemodialysis is the treatment for kidney failure diseases. It uses a machine to filter the blood outside our body. It is the process of purification of the blood of a person whose kidneys does not function properly. It can also be a choice for Renal replacement therapy for specific patients who require dialysis very acutely.

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