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Glaucoma is a disease that damages eyes optic nerve. It usually happens when fluid builds up in the front part of the eye. That further fluid will increase the pressure in your eye, damaging the second cranial nerve. This illness of eye  is diagnosed by intraocular pressure of the eye and assessing the optic nerve at the back of the eye for any injury. A visual field is typically performed and alternative tests are additional to more assess the Optic nerve and also the state of the system for fluid within the eye.  Most risk factors of Glaucoma like age, hereditary risk and race cannot be prevented

Pediatric Ophthalmology also focuses on highlighted issues which affect the pediatric vision such as pediatric uveitis, genetic eye disease, developmental abnormalities and more. It is a vision development disorder which is also known as lazy eye. Amblyopia is an eye problem which emerges in kids can also be present in adults. The mechanism of this condition includes the differences of vision in both eyes i.e. the vision in one is weaker to compare to other. It is recommended to have regular vision screening of your child to avoid permanent vision damage. The initial symptoms include abnormal tilting, movements of the eye and improper alignment of both the eyes

The incorporation of neurology and ophthalmology leads to Neuro-Ophthalmology. The nervous system diseases which affect the pupillary reflexes, vision, eye movements are taken into consideration under the branch of neuro-ophthalmology. Diplopia, ocular myasthenia gravis, optic neuritis, optic neuropathy, papilledema, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, brain tumors or stroke affecting vision, unexplained visual loss, headaches, blepharospasm or hemifacial spasm are the few commonly diseases associated with neuro-ophthalmology

Surgical Ophthalmology is a sub-topic of Ophthalmology, which incorporates medical procedures like cataract surgery and laser eye surgery. Oculoplastic medical procedure consolidates the association of the eyelids, tear channels and refractive surgery procedure is a procedure for advancing the vision. Surgical ophthalmologists perform microsurgical intraocular operations such as cataract extraction surgery or retinal detachment repair surgery

The retina is a very thin layer of tissue within back mass of your eye. Retina & eye contains a huge number of light-touchy cells and other nerve cells that get and sort out visual data.  Retina sends the data to cerebrum through optic nerve, empowering to see. Retinal degenerative issue, for example, Age-related macular degeneration and myopic macular degeneration influencing youthful and old from numerous societies, races and ethnicities. The focal territory of the retina contains a high thickness of shading delicate photoreceptor cells called cones which are in charge of shading vision and subsequently any deformity and modification in the focal zone of the retina will prompt Color vision imperfections

The cornea is the transparent exterior part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and foremost chamber. The cornea, with the front chamber and lens, refracts light, with the cornea representing around 66% of the eyes aggregate optical force. Corneal diseases, for example, corneal ulceration, epithelial keratitis and drug-induced epithelial keratitis, corneal degeneration, repetitive corneal disintegration and different corneal issue can influence the cornea and at last prompt the external eye disease that could wind up with perpetual visual impairment

Oculoplastic surgeons are Ophthalmologists who specialize in plastic and reconstructive surgery of the periorbital and facial tissues including the eyelids, eyebrows, forehead, cheeks, orbit (bony cavity around the eye), and lacrimal (tear) system

Fungi, parasites, bacteria and virus can enter the human body and are capable enough to spread to attack the interior surface of an eye thus spreading the infection. The immune system plays a crucial role to inhibit the effect of infections of eye and also during the corneal transplantation since transplantation is increasing rapidly

Ayurvedic herbal medicine physicians recognize three major physiological body types. The three types, or Doshas, are the Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. The body type is determined by heredity and is often referred to as Prakriti. Physicians will often interview, observe, and use a technique called pulse diagnoses to determine a patient’s body type, which is often a combination; such as Vata Pitta. After determining body type, the physician will determine any imbalances and what approaches may be needed to bring balance. This is often done through herbal supplementation or dietary changes. Other treatments may include hatha yoga, acupuncture, massage therapies, aromatherapy, and music therapy.

In ophthalmology, nanotechnology has the aim to develop and apply new methods of early detection and treatment of eye diseases. Nanotechnology is the science that studies the phenomena of the infinitely small: the word nano is derived from the ancient Greek meaning small. Today, the term is open to all studies addressing molecular and atomic phenomena 

One of the fields of medicine that has raised the most expectations in recent years is cell therapy with stem cells. The isolation of human embryo cells, the apparent and unexpected potentiality of adult stem cells and the development of gene therapy lead us to imagine a hopeful future for a significant number of diseases that are at present incurable. Adult ocular stem cells have the potential to restore vision in patients previously deemed incurable. Stem progenitor cells located in different regions of the eye are capable of differentiating enabling cell repopulation and tissue regeneration. Stem cell progenitors play a major role in replenishing degenerated cells despite being present in low quantity and quiescence in our body. Understanding the transcription factors and genes responsible for optic cells development will assist scientists in formulating a strategy to activate and direct stem cells renewal and differentiation.

An optician works at the invigorating junction of prosperity and frame. These skilled specialists,generally called allotting opticians, prepare arrangement eyeglass central focuses, help customers pick eyeglass edges and tailor the housings to customers intriguing facial estimations.Exactly when customers require contact central focuses rather, opticians alter the assault of the central focuses to the eyes.

The aim and scope of ophthalmic research is to study the diseases minutely to eradicate the problems associated with vision and eye health. With the latest technological development and modern treatments in the field of ophthalmology the new techniques have been significantly improvising the life of humans. The detection of diseases through biomarkers aid the efficacy of treatment and new technological procedure such as stem cell, tissue science and use of biomaterial can change the perception of human vision. This scientific track dedicated to the latest technology, amendments, techniques and procedures in the field of Ophthalmology

Clinical Ophthalmology indicates the duties of practitioner in an eye clinic and it also covers the broad spectrum of research from beside to bench side and plays a crucial in screening, diagnosis and therapeutics to treat eye illness. There are various common eye problems that needs to treated in a same day and hence that can be achieved through community ophthalmology so that you can be treated near where you live or work rather than hospital.

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